I.e.和e.g.究竟啥意思?这些拉丁文缩写你分清了吗?

作者:Lisa发表时间:2017-12-07浏览:1076
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  I.e.和e.g.是书面英语中常见的拉丁文缩写,你知道它们的全拼和含义吗?事实上,即使在以英语为母语的国家,i.e.和e.g.也是人们最经常弄混的一对缩写。

  I.e.和e.g.傻傻分不清楚?没关系,下面我们就一起来看看二者的区别。

  I.e.和e.g.啥意思?

  I.e. and e.g. are both abbreviations for Latin terms. I.e. stands for id est and means roughly "that is." E.g. stands for exempli gratia, which means “for example.” "Great. Latin," you're probably thinking. "How am I supposed to remember that?”

  I.e.和e.g.都是拉丁语缩写,i.e.代表id est,意为“也就是说,即”(that is),e.g.代表exempli gratia,意思是“举个例子”(for example)。你可能在想,“很好,拉丁语,可我怎么记得住啊?”

  如何记住两者的区别

  Forget about i.e. standing for "that is" or whatever it really means in Latin. From now on, i.e., which starts with i, means “in other words,” and e.g., which starts with e, means “for example.” I = in other words. E= example.

  不要去管i.e.的意思或者它的拉丁文全拼。从现在开始,i打头的i.e.代表in other words(也就是说),而e打头的e.g.代表for example(举例说明)。字母I= in other words,字母E= example。

  注意事项

  Don't italicize i.e. and e.g.; even though they are abbreviations for Latin words, they've been used for so long that they're considered a standard part of the English language.

  I.e.和e.g.不用斜体。虽然二者都是拉丁文缩写,但这种用法由来已久,已被视为英语中的一种标准用法。

  Also, remember that they are abbreviations, so there is always a period after each letter.

  另外,记住i.e.和e.g.都是缩写,所以每个字母后面都有点号。

  A comma is usually used after i.e. and e.g.

  I.e.和e.g.后面通常要加逗号。


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