50个句子帮你突破四大语法难点!

作者:chenhan发表时间:2018-06-25浏览:778
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  这四大英语语法作为中学英语难点,竟然还可以通过这样的方法学习,今天,我们就来逐一攻克。


  否定句型

  一、部分否定

  代词或副词如:all, both, every, everybody,everything,everywhere, always等与not搭配使用时,表示部分否定,表示“并非都是,不是每个都是”等。

  1. Not all of the schools have swimming pools. 不是所有的学校都有泳池。

  2. Not every dream will be realized. 并非每个梦想都能成真。

  3. Both the women were not French. 这两位女士不都是法国人。

  4. He is not always here. 他并不总在这儿。

  5. I don’t drop litter everywhere. 我不到处乱扔垃圾。

  二、全部否定

  通过使用no,none, nobody, nothing, nowhere, neither, never等构成。

  1. He told me allthe news but none of it was veryexciting. 他告诉了我所有的消息,但没有一条让人兴奋。

  2. Nobody knows who first invented theumbrella. 没有人知道谁最先发明了雨伞。

  3. At that time,there were no supermarkets. 那时没有超市。

  4. A smile costs nothing, but gives much. 微笑不费分文,受者得益良多。

  5. I’m going nowhere until you are back. 你回来之前我哪儿都不去。

  6. Now neither of my parents give me money. 现在,父母都不给我钱了。

  7. Never have I heard anything like it! 我从未听说过这样的事!

  三. 其他形式

  1.never… without doing 每……必

  He never goes to the store withoutbuying something to eat. 他每次到这个商店都要买些吃的。

  2. cannot ... too / over 越…越好;再…也不嫌过分:

  One cannot be toocareful in choosing friends. 择友越谨慎越好。

  3.no more ... than 同…一样不:

  I could no more do that than you. 你不能做那件事,我也不能做。

  4.nothing but 只有;仅仅:

  Sandy could do nothing but admit to histeacher that he was wrong. 山迪只能向老师承认自己错了。

  5.anything but 根本不;除…以外的任何事物:

  Maria is anything but stupid! 玛利亚才不笨呢!

  6.more A than B 是A不是B:

  He is more brave than wise. 他有勇无谋。

  7.There is no smoke without fire. 无风不起浪。


  倒装句型

  一、语法倒装

  全部倒装又称主谓倒装,即整个谓语放在主语之前。

  1. Inside the parcel was a letter. 包裹里有一封信。

  2. There comes the bus. 公共汽车来了。

  3. Away flew the bird. 鸟扑地一声飞走了。

  4. At the top of the hill stands a small house. 山顶上有一座小房子。

  5. — I like to swim. 我喜欢游泳。

  — So do I. 我也是。

  6. — I never drink coffee. 我从来不喝咖啡。

  — Neither do I. 我也是。

  二、修辞倒装

  only以及never, little, hardly, rarely,in no way等具有否定意义的词或短语居于句首时表强调,用倒装语序,不居句首时则用正常语序。

  1. Only in this way can you make progress in your English. 只有这样你的英语才能取得进步。

  You can make progress in your English only in this way. (正常语序)2. No sooner had I reached home than it began to rain. 我刚到家就开始下雨了。

  I had no sooner reached home than it began to rain. (正常语序)3. Little does he know what may happen. 他一点儿也不知道可能会发生什么事。

  He knows little what may happen. (正常语序)4. I finally got the job I dreamed about. Never in all my life had I felt so happy! 我终于得到了自己梦寐以求的工作,我这辈子从没这么高兴过。

  I had never felt so happy in all my life. (正常语序)三、其他倒装

  1. Clever as she is, she works very hard. 尽管聪明,她还是很努力。(让步状语从句)2. May you succeed! 祝你马到成功!(祝福语)


强调句型

  一、it be … + that + 句子构成的强调句型:

  1. It is the President that Joan interviewed yesterday. 琼昨天采访的是总统。

  2. It was on Monday night that all this happened. 所有这一切都是在周一夜里发生的。

  3. It was then that I knew what was wrong. 那时我才知道出了什么问题。

  4. It was not until midnight that Ifell asleep. 直到半夜我才睡着。

  5. It was me that had to send herhome. 不得不送她回家的是我。

  二、在肯定句中用do, does, did 表示强调,意为“务必;一定;确实”;never do 意为“从来没有;决不”。

  1. He does work hard. 他确实很努力。

  2. He does speak well. 他确实讲得不错。

  3. For the happiness of your family, do obey traffic rules. 为了您的家庭幸福,请务必遵守交通规则。

  4. She did send you an email yesterday. 她昨天确实给你发了电子邮件。

  5. The truth never did come to light.真相一直没有发现。

  6. I never did like her, you know. 你知道的,我从来没有喜欢过她。

  三、倒装结构和句首的强调:

  本文提到的倒装结构本身也是为了强调。请参看倒装句型。


  和主谓一致相关的句型

  一、 就近原则

  1. either ... or...或者…或者…;要么…要么…:

  Either you or I am to blame for the stupid mistake. 这个愚蠢的错误不是怪你就是怪我。

  2. neither ... nor ... 既不…也不…:

  Neither you nor Iam wrong. 你没错,我也没错。

  3. not only ... but (also) 不但…而且:

  Not only thestudents but also their teacher is enjoying the film. 不仅学生们在欣赏这部影片,他们的老师也在欣赏。

  二、就远原则

  1. along with 与…一起

  The boy, along withhis parents, has been to the park before. 那个男孩以前曾和他的父母一起去过那个公园。

  2. together with 和:

  He, together withhis parents, is going to visit Shanghai in July. 他打算和父母七月份去游览上海。

  3.rather than 而不

  Jim, rather than you, is responsible forthe loss. 损失由吉姆而不是你负责。

  4. as well as 和;也;除…之外:

  The famousmusician, as well as his students, was invited to perform at the openingceremony. 那位音乐家和他的学生应邀在开幕式上演出。


  背熟了这几句英语句子之后,洛基英语口语培训老师教你攻克更大难题!


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