If I were you的句型表达,你了解吗?

作者:chenhan发表时间:2018-12-16浏览:171
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  Beyoncé 的歌词中 "If I were a boy".如果我是个男孩,就是这样一个句型。

  先来感受下这些表达吧:

  1.I wouldn’t wear a sweater in such hot weather if I were you.

  换做我是你,我不会在这样的大热天穿毛衣。

  2.If I were you,I would explain to Jack what happened.

  如果我是你,我会想杰克解释事情的经过。

  3.If I were you, I should get another lawyer.

  如果我是你,我就请别的律师。

  4.I would think about it very carefully, if I were you.

  我要是你的话,我就十分慎重地考虑这件事。

  一.常用句型及表达:

  在虚拟语气中我们通常用:If I were...,I would...句型

  Eg:1.If I were you, I would study harder.

  2.If I were you, I would stop doing that.

  3.If I were you, I would go to the doctor.

  你还可以更改句子顺序,这种语序就没有必要用逗号了,变成:

  1.I would study harder if I were you.

  2.I would be more careful if I were you.

  3.I wouldn't do that if I were you.

  二.在虚拟语气中我们还可以用其他人称做主语:

  IF + I / HE / SHE / IT + WERE

  Eg:1.If I were you, I wouldn't play with fire.

  (第一人称)

  2.If you were me,would you study English or go to the movie?

  如果你是我,你会学英语还是去看电影。(第二人称)

  3.If he were taller, he'd be accepted into the team.

  要是他再高点,我就同意他加入小组了。(第三人称)

  *三.在虚拟语气中,如果要表示“我要是你”,通常是用 If I were you 的,但可以用 If was you 吗?

  首先if I was这个句子语法上没错,但并不是虚拟语气了,而是陈述语气;

  Eg:1.If I was sick, she would give me medicine that tasted terrible.

  如果我生病了,他就会给我吃很难吃的药。

  2.If I were sick, I wouldn't be here.

  如果我生病了,我就不会在这。(言外之意我没有生病,我是给出了假设的情况)

  这是一个语法学家们有分歧的问题:

  有的语法学家认为 If I were you 不能说成 If I was you。比如《朗文英语语法》在14.13.2节就认为在 If I were you / If I were in your position 中不用 was。该书所给例句为:

  Eg:If I were you / in your position, I’d accept their offer.

  如果我是你,我就接受他们的建议。

  但事实上,日常日常口头表达中也有些英语母语者会用“If I was”.

  语言总是随着人类表达习惯不断改变。没有永恒不变的表达习惯。

  建议:如果是初学者或作为学生参加考试,以用 If I were you 为宜。

  四.总结用法:

  虚拟语气用在与现在事实相反条件句中时,条件从句的谓语用动词的过去式 (be的过去式用were),结果主句的谓语用should(第一人称)或would(第二、三人称)+动词原形。if 表示“如果”,I “我”,were是"are"的过去式,you”你”,would在这里是"will "的过去式,这里的过去式表示的都是假设,不可能发生的事情。

  Eg:1.If I were stronger,I would train for the marathon.

  如果我再强壮点,我就训练参加马拉松。

  2.If I were an animal,I would be a lion.

  如果我是动物,我就成为狮子。

  3.If I I were in charge,I would give everyone a vacation.

  如果我管事儿,我给所有人放假。

  4.If I were you,I would not buy that dress.

  如果我是你,我不会买那条裙子。

  5.If I were you,I would study English and find a new job.

  如果我是你,我会好好学习英语再找个新工作。

  6.I'd think twice before buying that car if I were you.

  如果我是你的话,在买那辆车之前我会再三考虑的。


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